14.  What Strategies Can Be Used to Teach Science Through Inquiry?


Inquiry can be incorporated into science teaching in several ways to help promote students’ curiosity and development of knowledge, understanding, skills, and critical and logical thinking. These include the use of:


  • Case studies;
  • Laboratory work;
  • Demonstrations;
  • Class discussions & Knowledge Building Circles by revisiting questions or topics of interest and eliciting prior knowledge;
  • Problem-based learning;
  • Research projects;
  • Observing natural phenomena;
  • Technology (simulations, exploring data, research & information, tutorials);
  • Project-based learning (PBL);
  • Issue-based community environmental leadership service learning/stewardship action projects;
  • Media literacy;
  • Interactive read-alouds, stories, and articles.


Conducting “hands-on” science activities does not guarantee inquiry or “minds-on”, nor is reading about science incompatible with inquiry. Inquiry-based learning involves students thinking and proposing questions to investigate and designing their own investigations, problem-solving, and collaborating with peers.